The main objective of this article is to shed light on the ethology of the vicuña (Lama vicugna) to reinforce the world-wide leadership and to promote the development of sustainable projects in favour of this camelid, basis of the Andean culture. In the past, many important improvements were achieved in the producúon of Southamerican Camelids (S.A.C.). There is much evidence that shows that vicuñas were not only bred in semi captivity, but they were also found in domesticated groups. (Xeres, 1534).
The vicuña is a small, majestic and slender camelid. lt is one of the most beautiful mammals of the world and represents the most desirable richness of the national fauna. Since this resource is deeply associated with our own cultural roots, it is important to he acquainted with its ecobiological and economic advantages as well as with the role they still play in the development of our ancient culture, its past, present and the projection towards the future is also relevant.